ALTERNATIVE VOTE (AV)

ALTERNATIVE VOTE (AV)

Advantages

  • All MPs would have the support of a majority of their voters.- avoid elections like 2010
  • It retains the same constituencies, meaning no need to redraw boundaries, and no overt erosion of the constituency-MP link.
  • It penalises extremist parties, who are unlikely to gain many second-preference votes.
  • It encourages candidates to chase second- and third-preferences, which lessens the need for negative campaigning (one doesn't want to alienate the supporters of another candidate whose second preferences one wants) and rewards broad-church policies.
  • It reduces the need for tactical voting. Electors can vote for their first-choice candidate without fear of wasting their vote.
  • It reduces the number of “safe seats” where the election result is a forgone conclusion

Disadvantages

  • AV is not proportional representation and in certain electoral conditions, such as landslides, can produce a more disproportional result than First Past the Post (FPTP)
  • In close three-way races the “compromise” candidate could be defeated in the first round even though they may be more broadly acceptable to the electorate than the top two candidates.
  • A voting system that allows voters to rank candidates is prone to so-called 'Donkey voting', where voters vote for candidates in the order they appear on the ballot

Evaluation

AV HAS SOME BENEFITS IN MAKING ELECTIONS MORE DEMOCRATIC BUT IN SOME STITUAIONS, IS LIKELY TO PRODUCE AN, EVEN MORE, DISPROPORTIONATE RESULT THAT FPTP

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ALTERNATIVE VOTE (AV)

ALTERNATIVE VOTE (AV)

Advantages

  • All MPs would have the support of a majority of their voters.- avoid elections like 2010
  • It retains the same constituencies, meaning no need to redraw boundaries, and no overt erosion of the constituency-MP link.
  • It penalises extremist parties, who are unlikely to gain many second-preference votes.
  • It encourages candidates to chase second- and third-preferences, which lessens the need for negative campaigning (one doesn't want to alienate the supporters of another candidate whose second preferences one wants) and rewards broad-church policies.
  • It reduces the need for tactical voting. Electors can vote for their first-choice candidate without fear of wasting their vote.
  • It reduces the number of “safe seats” where the election result is a forgone conclusion

Disadvantages

  • AV is not proportional representation and in certain electoral conditions, such as landslides, can produce a more disproportional result than First Past the Post (FPTP)
  • In close three-way races the “compromise” candidate could be defeated in the first round even though they may be more broadly acceptable to the electorate than the top two candidates.
  • A voting system that allows voters to rank candidates is prone to so-called 'Donkey voting', where voters vote for candidates in the order they appear on the ballot

Evaluation

AV HAS SOME BENEFITS IN MAKING ELECTIONS MORE DEMOCRATIC BUT IN SOME STITUAIONS, IS LIKELY TO PRODUCE AN, EVEN MORE, DISPROPORTIONATE RESULT THAT FPTP

Comments

No comments have yet been made