What was Weimar Germany's main problems? ie spartacists, freikorps. In genral, what were the disadvantages
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IF ANYONE HAS GOOD WEIMAR NOTES I WILL BE GRATEFUL
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1. Weimar Government had little support from key groups within society. These included; The Army, The Judiciary & The General Public. Most of these groups blamed the Weimar Government for the Treaty Of Versailles and they described them as the "November Criminals." From the start, the Weimar Government had little to no support from the key elements of society and from the electorate.
2. The Weimar Government were forced to use paramilitary groups to uphold public order. This left a lot of problems as these groups slowly began to turn against the Weimar Government leaving it quite exposed. Overall the Weimar Government had little to no state support in terms of public order
3. There was a number of uprisings around the establishment of the Weimar Government which left the political scene a dangerous one to be in. In particular, the Government had to relocate from Berlin to Weimar to draft the constitution due to the political instability.
4. Two aspects of the Weimar constitution made it particularly weak; Article 48 & Proportional Representation (PR). Article 48 allowed the president to rule by decree without the support of the Reichstag where he seen fit, normally in a time of emergency. Hitler exploited this in his rise to power and exercised it during the Reichstag Fire to pass Enabling Act. PR acted to try and make sure all parties were represented in the Reichstag but it left the Reichstag with a plethora of parties which often resulted in weak coalition governments which were easily broken up (eg: Grand Coalition of 1930)
5. Economic Crisis after WW1 and surfacing in 1923 left the working class poor and left them rebellious against the government.
6. The people of Germany had a strong tradition of dictatorships with the "Kaiser" ruling before 1918. The people of Germany found it hard to adapt to the new democracy and they were very quick to blame the system for their issues
Hope that helps!
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The economic problems only began to surface in 1923 and the working class were much more concerned and annoyed about the Treaty Of Versailles of 1920 which led to the Government being accused of back-stabbing the army. Albeit, the economic problems did indeed leave the Weimar Government weak and, in the end, destroyed the Weimar Government.
As for the threat posed by communism that is very true but most prevalent in 1919 in the Spartacus rising of January 1919 and the Bavarian Uprising (March 1919 - May 1st 1919) and indeed the Red Rising of March 1920 by Communist workers in the Ruhr
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all i remember was that they were worried about communism and due to ww1 they were going through a lot of economic problems