What is the difference with all the different endings i.e. vocative, ablative etc..

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What is the difference with the endings of nomanative, accusative, vocative, genitive, dative and ablative?

Posted Tue 28th August, 2012 @ 12:06 by Emily

2 Answers

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In Latin, nouns have cases to tell you what job they are doing in the sentence. There are 6 cases in Latin and each has different endings so you can tell which is which. Here are the basic uses and examples for each case:

Nominative: this is used for the subject of the sentence, or the person/thing doing the action (the BOY runs).

Vocative: this is the case used when someone is being directly addressed ("O, SLAVE").

Accusative: this is used for the object of the sentence, or the person/thing having the action done to them (he hit the SLAVE).

Genitive: this is used to show possession (the BOY'S book).

Dative: this is used for the indirect object and translates into English as "to/for" (he gave the money TO THE SLAVE/he prepared dinner FOR THE MASTER).

Ablative: this has various uses but is often translated "by/with/from" (he was hit BY THE MASTER/he was hit WITH A BALL).

I hope that's clear.


Answered Tue 28th August, 2012 @ 13:15 by Abbey Jones
Edited by Abbey Jones on Tue 28th August, 2012 @ 13:16
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Thank you! Very Helpful :)

Answered Wed 29th August, 2012 @ 10:12 by Emily