What is a declention? i.e. first, second and third declentions?

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What does a declention actually mean. I know that the first declention is masculine, second is feminine and third is neuter - Is that all I need to know?

Posted Tue 28th August, 2012 @ 12:04 by Emily

2 Answers

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Hi Emily,

There are 5 declensions or groups of nouns in Latin. Each declension has its own pattern of endings for the different cases in both singular and plural. To begin with, you only really need to worry about the 1st, 2nd and 3rd declensions.

It is important that you learn a model noun for each of the patterns (eg. 'puella' for 1st, 'servus' for 2nd and 'mercator' or 'rex' for 3rd) so that whenever you come across any noun in Latin you can refer to this model to work out what case the noun is.

A far as genders go, 1st declension nouns are generally feminine (but not always), 2nd is generally masculine or neuter and 3rd can be any gender.

I hope that's all clear.

Abbey

Answered Tue 28th August, 2012 @ 13:07 by Abbey Jones
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Thank you! Very Helpful :)

Answered Wed 29th August, 2012 @ 10:13 by Emily