what involvement did america have in vietnam between 1954 and 1962??

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i was happily doing a past paper when this question and confused the beejees out of me so please can you help e:) TAAANKKKSSS

Posted Mon 6th June, 2011 @ 19:03 by Hannah

1 Answer

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The Americans Joined the vietnam war under IKE to stop the spread of communism and to back their french allies. 

To support the South’s government, the United States sent in 2,000 military advisors, a number that grew to 16,300 in 1963. The military condition deteriorated, and by 1963 South Vietnam had lost the fertile Mekong Delta to the Vietcong.  In 1965, Johnson escalated the war, commencing air strikes on North Vietnam and committing ground forces, which numbered 536,000 in 1968. The 1968 Tet Offensive by the North Vietnamese turned many Americans against the war. The next president, Richard Nixon, advocated Vietnamization, withdrawing American troops and giving South Vietnam greater responsibility for fighting the war. His attempt to slow the flow of North Vietnamese soldiers and supplies into South Vietnam by sending American forces to destroy Communist supply bases in Cambodia in 1970 in violation of Cambodian neutrality provoked antiwar protests on the nation’s college campuses.

From 1968 to 1973 efforts were made to end the conflict through diplomacy. In January 1973, an agreement reached and U.S. forces were withdrawn from Vietnam and U.S. prisoners of war were released.  In April 1975, South Vietnam surrendered to the North and Vietnam was reunited.

CONSEQUENCES:

1.  The Vietnam War cost the United States 58,000 lives and 350,000 casualties. It also resulted in between one and two million Vietnamese deaths.

2.  Congress enacted the War Powers Act in 1973, requiring the president to receive explicit Congressional approval before committing American forces overseas.

The war was a great loss for the Americans being defeated by untrained villagers, this knocked the USA's confidence greatly and  resulted in more cautious nature in reference to their future involvements in wars. The USA felt as though they had wasted their time and resources the public were left feeling bitter about the whole thing. The USA made more concessions after this loss.

Answered Tue 10th April, 2012 @ 11:32 by Preeya