To what extent were Jim Crow Laws the main reason for northern migration of many Black Americans in the 1920's and 1930's?

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Posted Tue 26th February, 2013 @ 17:28 by Natalie Bruce

1 Answer

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OK, just plan it out :)

first, list all the reasons why Jim Crow laws meant black Americans wanted to move North - where there were no Jim Crow laws. (reasons why Jim Crow laws were the most important factor)

Then think about other factors - many had family members already in the North who sent word home about how many jobs there were in growing industrial cities like Chicago, compared to the rural South were black Americans were trapped in the sharecropping system; plagues and pests which ruined cotton/tobacco/sugar (boll weevil destroyed almost all the cotton crop by the 1920s) and forced those who grew it to move elsewhere in search of money; there was a shortage of male workers in the North after WW1 so Southern black Americans felt they were sure to get a job there; lynching/intimidation/violence towards black Americans forced them to leave the South for their own safety; and anything else you've learned about the period. :)

As an essay question, I would tackle it as "which was the most improtant cause/factor", so list as many causes as you can and choose which you think is the most important, then argue your case, comparing and balancing your argument as you go.

Hope this helps!

Answered Sun 3rd March, 2013 @ 19:58 by Bethan