self- interest must be disregarded when deciding which actions are morally right.

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i really struggle to answer this question. is there anyone that would help me with this please:(

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Thank you

Posted Wed 28th March, 2012 @ 12:31 by REWSAN

4 Answers

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You could talk about Kant's belief about duty that it must be done for the sake of duty not anything else. He also states that emotions must be disregarded when deciding what actions are morally right. Talk about absolutism too how an act is right or wrong in itself regardless of consequences or circumstances

Answered Wed 28th March, 2012 @ 13:09 by Lottie
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thank you for replying but where would get more info. on Kant's ideas:(

Answered Fri 30th March, 2012 @ 13:24 by REWSAN
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Well I have some resources on Kant but there are some great resources on here just type in Kant in the search engine :)

Answered Fri 30th March, 2012 @ 18:05 by Lottie
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Kant and Hume are the two main philosophers for this.

Kant believes that self interest must be disregarded when decided which actions are morally right - he says that an action is only moral if it is your duty to perform the act.

For example, if you were to give to charity out of kindness, Kant would say it is not a moral action. However, if you were to give to charity because it was your duty to do so then the action would be moral. 

Then there is Kant's categorical imperative which is basically something that enables us to distinguish between moral and immoral actions. He says that categorical is not subjective and is universal so an action is not moral if we would not like the action to happen to us. For example, lying cannot be moral. 

Categorical imperatives are non conditional - "Respect your mother and father" is a categorical imperative. "Respect your mother and father because you'll get money" is a hypothetical imperative and therefore not moral because we are only respecting our parents because it is in our self interest to get money.

Hume also rejects self interest but disagrees with Kant about duties. Hume says that we should be guided by our emotions/sympathies. 

I don't understand Hume very well yet so i cant help there, sorry.

Answered Fri 6th April, 2012 @ 17:26 by Megan