HELP! Past Paper Question (June 2010) 16 marks
- 0 votes
‘The main role of education in Nazi Germany was to prepare boys and girls for different roles.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer. You may use the following in your answer and any other information of your own:
· Girls studied Domestic Science
· Boxing was compulsory in school for boys
· All pupils had lessons in Race Studies
Please help :) x
- 1 vote
Yes, if you are talking about different roles for girls and different roles for boys this is true. On one hand boys were drilled into war and did regular military-style activities. For example P.E. classes were doubled and in Maths they were taught at what angles to shoot bombs. From this we can tell that one of the main aims of education was to prepare the boys for war which they would have to fight if the Germans were to achieve Lebensraum. This is a different role from what girls were expected to do. In addition to this the boys would not know any better as they were indoctrinated from a very young age and so what better way to prepare a child to be a solider and a loyal Nazi than to drill it into them from day 1?
For girls it was the case that Hitler wanted all women to abide by the three Ks (Kinder, Kirche and Kuche). This is exemplified in the fact that girls studied domestic science, as one of their jobs when they were older would be to take care of the home and the children. Furthermore for girls classes such as cooking, needlework and beauty were stepped up so that they could conform to Hitler's idea of the perfect woman when they were older.
You could on the other hand argue that education did not prepare them for different roles but in fact the same role. All pupils had lessons regarding race and here they learnt topics such as eugenics and how to measure skulls to classify different races. In this respect, education only had one aim under the Nazi rule; to indoctrinate children so that they grew up being loyal Nazis with a blind hatred of anyone who was Jewish or any other 'undesirables'.
We have to remember that education was not only in the form of what pupils learnt at school but the Hitler Jugend provided them with education as well. From 1939 two laws were passed making it compulsory to attend the youth groups such as the BDM. If children were not at school, they were at these youth groups. Learning more and more about Nazi ideas and indeed being prepared for the different roles they would have to take when they grew up. After all they were the future for Germany.
- 0 votes
Yes, i agree. Boys and girls did separate subjects, boys were always taken out for PE and stereotypical boy classes, such as boxing, which was compulsory for boys, to prepare them for the army, and girls were given cooking lessons, and other "girly" classes, including Domestic Science, to prepare them for bringing up children and taking care of the home. However, all pupils had to have Racial Studies class, which taught them all about how they were better, and Jews and stuff (i think). This was because they wanted the Arienne race. - hope this helps :)