How do you translate a gerundive?

  • 0 votes

I know how to recognise them but have no notes about how they are translated

Posted Mon 30th May, 2011 @ 17:19 by Sophie Bolton

3 Answers

  • 2 votes

My Latin teacher has done a short Powerpoint which I think explains it well: 

http://getrevising.co.uk/files/documents/gerundives/Gerundives-14.pdf

If this doesn't help you, I can scan in the Gerundives page from my Essential GCSE Latin Book by John Taylor if you want; it explains the concept there as well.

EDIT: I decided to get off my lazy bum and scan in the EGL Gerundives page anyway. I hope both resources are useful :)

http://getrevising.co.uk/files/documents/egl_gerundives/scan0002.jpg

Answered Tue 31st May, 2011 @ 11:14 by Fiddle
Edited by Fiddle on Tue 31st May, 2011 @ 11:26
  • 1 vote

If it's Gerundive of Obligation you're struggling on;

(person) must (verb)

e.g. mihi fugiendum est; I must flee

1. Translate the dat. as a subject of a verb

2. Translate the verb as 'must'

3. Ignore the form of 'sum'

Hope this helps :)

Answered Mon 30th May, 2011 @ 17:43 by Little Miss Chatterbox
  • 0 votes

Gernundives express a need of something to be done so

mihi lavandum est

means there is a need of washing that I must do,

but you translate it as

I must wash

and also for example: nunc est bibendum

means 'now it's time for a drink' essentialy =D

Answered Sat 18th June, 2011 @ 09:16 by Moggerfrog
Edited by Moggerfrog on Sat 18th June, 2011 @ 09:17