Hey this is for all doing A2 sociology on crime..HELP !!!!!!!!!

  • 0 votes

Can anyone do an essay plan for is sociology an science and objective and values cos I have no clue how to structure an essay for this two questions.

Posted Sat 16th June, 2012 @ 19:22 by Stephanie

6 Answers

  • 2 votes

I did the 'is sociology a science' essay for my mock and got 32/33 for it- it's handwritten so not uploaded but here's a brief summary of the plan i used ...

Intro: the importance of sociology being seen as science: e.g. society sees science as more important and influential, governments and agencies likely to provide funding and believe it will have a bigger impact on society if viewed as scientific subject.

Para1: science defined in association to methodological principles it uses. e.g. causal relationships/ objective/reliable/ theoretical basis where external forces cause effects in the world. LINK = positivists claim quantitative methods has similarity in these principles (give examples and explanation)

Para2: individuals criticise this claim as can't be objective. e.g. there's bias in the research choice- subjective to the sociologist and what interests them so bias before research even begun.

Para3: sociologists claim has the same theoretical views as natural sciences. e.g. Marxism explains laws of economic and capitalist world determine the lives of individuals in society- directly compared with that of science whereby laws of evolution determine development of different species in world.

Para4: Karl Popper- science works on basis falsification rather than methodological principles. Explain falsification and so sociology can't be a science as most theories can't be tested by these means e.g. Marxism. - then popper believes there's potential for soc to be scie if it were able to test in this way

Para5: Interpretivists- shouldn't be a science. e.g. individuals not passive puppets they shape own lives- criticise that it doesn't have same theoretical basis as science and wouldn't be able to generalise cause and effect relationships.

Para6- extension of 5: claim sociology only validly researched via qualitative methods. so not reliable and objective data so can't be linked to science, give example (unstruct interviews and explain)

Para7: Feminists claim shouldn't be scientific on grounds of science being 'male stream'. e.g. opinions and influence regards males to greater extent than females- believe sociology already primarily focused on study of males and problem will only escalate. Their view in order for females to have fair representation and produce valid picture of society it shouldn't be related to science.

Concl: There are many conflicting view points on sociology as a science or not and the debate will inevitably be an inconclusive one. However, some few sociological researchers in society, whether they take a positivist or interpretivist method of study, solely care about what research can show and they hold little interest in the issue.

It was about 2 3/4 pages long hope it's helpful, don't know/ revised anything else for theory/methods yet so this is it really(:

Answered Sat 16th June, 2012 @ 20:28 by Sonia
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No worries(: Plus I know that June last year the value-free 33 marker came up so it's unlikely to be that again btw x

Answered Sat 16th June, 2012 @ 21:45 by Sonia
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Thank you soooooo much :)

This has helped greatly 

Thanks x

Answered Sat 16th June, 2012 @ 21:30 by Stephanie
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I doubt science will come up as it came up laast year... not trying to put u down or anything but i wouldn't spend too much time on it. if maybe u know the keypoints and try to look at other topics - such as modernity/postmodernity or sociology&social policy etc.

Answered Sun 17th June, 2012 @ 21:38 by Bakang Moholo
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@Bankang moholo

Thanks for the info , i just wanna make sure i revise everything

you can never trust these examiners loool

Answered Mon 18th June, 2012 @ 23:36 by Stephanie
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How did everyone do?

Answered Tue 19th June, 2012 @ 19:02 by Stranger24