Explainwhy some countries lack enthusiam for implementing global agreements to manage climate change.
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This was a question mentioned in the exam paper. i looked at the mark scheme but the answers that were given im quite unsure as to if there is a question like this that comes in the exam, how will we tackle it?
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For some countries it is too expensive or not cost effective.
China and India are prime examples - if they were to implement global agreements to manage climate change it wold stunt their growth. China's manufacturing economy is largely based on fossil fuels, and even though it is the leading country in terms of renewable technology research it is much cheaper for China to continue using fossil fuels. Many of the management strategies would expect these growing economies to reduce or stop using these fossil fuels.
Many countries may see the agreements as unfair. The majority of the pollution would have come from the western urbanised countries as they were developing. So it would be seen as unfair to the NICs or BRICs to be having to implement these strategies as most of the problems were caused by others but they would be the ones affected most. Africa and again China would be good examples of this. It would be unreasonable to expect Africa to agree to these agreements when they would never be able to afford cleaner energy, thus stunting their growth.
I think the main thing to mention is the fact that it could be argued that the problem was caused by other nation and therefore other nations don't feel like they should have to fix a problem they did not cause. Also, you could mention the idea of countries being stunted by such agreements.
I hope this a little bit helpful! :)
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Thanks for your help. I have the exam tomorrow. I actually found this question in one of the past papers so i was just wondering as to how we would answer it.
Thanks once again.