Ethical problems in Psychology?
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What are the ethical problems in Psychology?
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Ethical problems in Psychology can be found in more detail on this page: http://www.holah.co.uk/page-detail.php?slug=ethics (Even if you don't do that specific course).
- Consent: you need to make sure someone agrees to take part in the study (usually have to be over the age of 16 to not get parental consent either)
- Deception: you cannot lie to your participants - sometimes this has to be broken but will always be over-ruled by ...
- Debrief: deception can be explained by the debrief, it's basically summing up the study, telling the participants if they have any concerns or want to withdraw they can approach you.
- Withdrawal: the participants have the right to withdraw at any time, it has to be made clear to them at any point.
- Confidentiality: all of the participants information has to be kept a secret, when talking about the results they have got refer to them as "participant a" or "participant 1" so they are protected.
- Protection/harm to particpants: it needs to be assured that there is no mental or physical harm to the participants - a study which doesn't really meet this ethic is Milgram 1963
I hope this helps, if you need any future help; don't hesitate to contact me :-)
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If you're doing AQA(A), they do not consider debriefing an ethical issue. They consider it a way of dealing with ethical issues - therefore if you're asked to name an ethical issue and put debriefing you'll get no marks. I don't know about AQA(B) or the other boards and certainly no criticism of Lauren is implied.
Remember that consent needs to be informed consent - they need to know what they will be required to do and any possible negative consequences.
Another one is privacy. You shouldn't observe people in places where they wouldn't expect to be observed (e.g. hiding behind a hedge to observe people in the park is wrong but sitting openly on a bench so they can see you is much better.) Also privacy means you should be careful about the questions you ask. If you gain there confidence by asking general questions about school but then start asking them about their sex life you could be invading their privacy as they feel obliged to answer.
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I do OCR and we have to mention debrief, obviously as you said Janet; as a way of overcoming - I don't think OCR go as in depth as other exam boards into Ethics, as we just need to know a list of Ethics and what they stand for/what they are used for. Where as my cousin does Psychology also with a different exam board and has to know it in a lot more depth with supporting studies with different levels of ethics.
I think Janet has helped tie up those that I had forgotten about. Hopefully, we've both helped you :-)