does anyone have some good notes on the evaluation of the behavioural approach for individual differences?
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for aqa a individual differences
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Hi, hope this helps. Here are three AO2 paragraphs:
Evidence to support this claim is the Bandura Bobo doll experiment. Children watched adults acting violently towards a Bobo doll. Later the children were allowed to play with the Bobo doll, they imitated the aggressive behaviour. Bandura observed that external reinforcement wasn’t the only factor to influence behaviour. He explained that internal reinforcement such as pride or sense of achievement was the internal reward. This shows the social learning theory as the behaviour was learnt from someone else, in this case the adult; they saw the reward as not something materialistic but as a sense of accomplishment or pride.
However this experiment can be seen as invalid because the situation involves a child and an adult model that never have any interaction and are strangers. Therefore this situation is very unlike usual imitation situations as usually this occurs within the family.
The therapies can be effective but generally only for the short-term. This may be because the symptoms are just the beginning. Therefore if you eliminate the symptoms, the cause still remains, and the symptoms will just reappear, possibly in another form. This implies that while the symptoms of many disorders are behavioural, the cause of these symptoms may not be making therapies ineffective.
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If this is for Unit 2, Abnormality, an explicit link to abnormality will gain more marks. Eg:
"The behavioural approach has provided some convincing explanations for some phobias and also led to some very successful therapies for these (e.g. systematic desensitisation). However, whilst clown phobias, for example, might be due to bad experiences in the past, some phobias such as snake phobias seem not to be and may have other causes. The behavioural approach only treats the symptoms of abnormality and ignores underlying causes. This would be the case with schizophrenia were the evidence strongly supports a partly genetic cause. Lastly, the behavioural approach is based largely on research with animals and how they learn and human learning may not happen in exactly the same way, particularly as our cognitive abilities allow us to reflect on experiences. As the cognitive approach suggests, these reflections on our experiences can be a contributing factor to an ‘abnormal’ reaction."
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