Describe how governments of richer countries have tried to cope with changes in population structure.

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i need someone to answer me how a rich country has tried to cope with changes in POPULATION STRUCTURE

Posted Fri 24th February, 2012 @ 22:02 by Aleena

3 Answers

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Well rich countries have enough money and man power to set up immigration schemes to filter illegal immigrants out of the UK. CHINA have installed the one-child policy to decrease the population and birth rate. Census's are carried out to count the overall estimated population so they can keep a close eye on whther it is increasing or not. Sexual education schemes are set up to teach teenagers about contraception and STI's. But apart from that, I can't help you....:'(

Answered Sat 25th February, 2012 @ 14:38 by Lucas Barker
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The case study for this question is China - OCP.

China is a country that has controlled their population using the One Child Policy. The reason why they did this is because their population had been increasing initially as the government had encouraged this however, this increase in population headed towards a famine in 1959 till 1961 which killed 35 million people. This increase in population was growing too fast to be sustainable therefore, in order to avoid a future famine, the government introduced the OCP which would hopefully control the population to a minimal.

There were many rules in China under the OCP which families had to maintin in order to avoid sanctions. Some of the rules which benefitted the Chinese if they followed the OCP is that they would recieve a 5 to 10% increase in their salary for limiting themselves to one child and prioritising housing, pension and family benefites including free education for the single child.

However, if families chose to disobey the rules of the OCP, then they would recieve a 10% salary cut as well as having fines imposed and families would have to pay for the education for both children and healthcare for the entire family.

The OCP stated that the couples must apply for a certificate before they were allowed to have a child and women who became pregnant the second time were usually forced to have an abortion and were offered sterilisation.

All these rules and regulations meant that the birth rate was kept under strict conditions.

Answered Tue 5th February, 2013 @ 20:15 by Former Member
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http://getrevising.co.uk/revision-cards/population_china_one_child_policy_reducing this might help you, its a case study for managing population in China, one child policy

Answered Tue 5th February, 2013 @ 21:48 by Thegirlwhoknewtoomuch - Team GR