Could anyone help me understand the difference between the work of Galen and Hippocrates (Medicine through time)
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I know a little on Galen and Hippocrates but I'm not sure of their major work or impact, I would be greatful for any information that anyone can tell me about these individuals
- 7 votes
Well Hippocrates was the doctor that came up with the theory of the 4 humours, that went on for over 100 years, also he came up with the Hippocratic Oath, where doctors would take an oath, to promise to do no harm to the patient and keep all personal information confidential. This still happens now, also he thought of clinical observation, where the doctor writes down symptoms and link it to an illness, which what most GPs do now.
Galen was a doctor that went into detail about the theory of the 4 humours and made his own theory, about this, the theory of the opposites. He was supported by the christian church and everybody believed that everything he said was correct and no body questioned his theory, until Andreas Vesalius, during the Renaissance period. Therefore he was very influential in medicine, though also the reason why there was a holt in the improvement of medicine and health.
Hope this Helped :) I am doing Medicine and Health Through Time at the moment, so this question was good revision for me too :D
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Hippocrates was the greek doctor who came up with the hippocratic oath. The also promoted looking for natural causes and cures for diseases rather than just religious ones. He invented the greek regimen, which is basically a set of instructions that greeks would follow to keep themselves healthy, it included washing, going for walks, exercising, cleaning teeth, and eating according to the seasons (so it was linked with the 4 humours) HE also believed in the theory of the 4 humours as it was a natural cause of disease and cure.
Galen was the roman doctor who developed the theory of the 4 humours to come up with the theory of opposites. This was basically curing a patient with the opposite, so if they had a fever give them something cold. He also believed in natural causes and cures. He also, made some anatomical discoveries by dissecting mainly animals, but some humans too (he stole bodies from graveyards). He discovered that the brain and nervous system were connected to the spine and this controlled the movement of muscles, not the heart as previously thought. He also made mistakes but these wern't discovered until the renassience. His ideas were supported the church, so no one questioned it until the renassience.
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Check out these two videos?
They explain what Hippocrates and Galen did.
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Thank you for all your help, it has really help me prepare for my history exam this Tuesday, now that I know the differences between Galen and Hippocrates
Thanks again !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!:)