can someone please help me with the datative and accusative cases i'm really confused!! thank you:) xxxx
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i really don't understand this please help!!!!
- 2 votes
This is quite a tricky one - no wonder no-one's replied! I hope my slightly rambling explanation makes some sense. If not, trying checking www.languagesonline.org.uk
The Accusative case is used if the Noun is the direct object of the verb and with certain prepositions.
eg. Ich habe einen Bruder - "einen Bruder" is in the accusative case, since a brother is the object of the verb - it's the "thing" you have.
All that changes in the accusative is that the masculine definite article "der" becomes "den" (other definite articles follow the same pattern - eg. jeder etc) and the masculine indefinite article "ein" becomes "einen" (other indefintive articles follow the same pattern - eg. mein, kein etc.
Some prepositions (words to describe location) make the "der"/"ein" etc after them take the accusative form. If you have a texbook, there'll be a list of these in it somewhere. If not, they're indicated in the dictionary.
The Dative Case is used when the noun is the indirect object of the verb but mostly after certain prepositions - the main one being "mit".
Ich spiele Fußball mit meinem Bruder. Here, "Fußball" is the direct object of the verb as it's what you're playing. "Bruder" is indirect?/comes after "mit" so goes in the dative.
Changes in the dative are a bit more complex:
masc - ein to einem and der to dem
fem - eine to einer and die to der
neut - ein to einem and das to dem
"In" uses a different case, depending on whether you're moving or not. Moving = Accusative and Dative = static/not moving, I think.
Ich gehe ins (in das) Kino - Accusative as I am moving into the cinema.
Ich spiele Fußball im (in dem) Park - Dative as whilst I am playing which involves movement, I am not actually entering/leaving the park.
Things like "in einem" abbreviate to "im" as well - again a texbook would list these.
Really hope this is of some use... but don't worry too much as it's something everyone struggles with!