Can anyone explain briefly the difference between: Orders in council, Statutory instruments and By-laws?

  • 1 vote

Just the main differences as i am finding it quite tricky to understand. Thankyou :) 

Posted Fri 4th January, 2013 @ 17:07 by Zoe

1 Answer

  • 3 votes

1. BYLAWS

Bylaws are laws made by local councils that only affect the local area that they are in charge of. For example Lancashire Local Council has the power to make laws regarding parking regulations, dumping of rubbish and other issues which only affect Lancashire. Other types of Bylaws can be made by big companies, for example London Underground have made a no-smoking rule.    

 

2. STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS

Statutory Instruments are often called ’SI’s’ or ’Regulations’. They refer to the law made by Government Departments, for example the Department of Health. These are the largest type of delegated legislation and there are between 2,000 and 3,000 Statutory Instruments passed every year by Government Departments and ministers (’Ministers’ is the term used for M.P’s that are the heads of a Government Department). If the Transport Department made law regarding road traffic regulations this would be a Statutory Instrument.

 

3.         ORDERS IN COUNCIL

The Queen and the Privy Council have the power to make law in emergency situations (under the Emergency Powers Act 1920) when Parliament are not sitting. This is not the only use of Orders in Council. More recently Orders in Council have been used to implement European Law into English law

 hope that helps:)


Answered Sat 5th January, 2013 @ 17:20 by Former Member