Battle of Thermopylae
- 1 vote
hello :) i have got my classics sparta exam on monday and i was wondering if anyone could get me an explanation of the battle of thermopylae?
thank yo very much :) ***
- 0 votes
· Persian = biggest superpower east of Mediterranean. To Persia, Greece is insignificant but a growing problem.
· Persian King Darius made 1st move. Sent punitive forces to land at Marathon. Athens and allies beat them. King died before he could avenge this. His son Xerxes takes over. Set out by land and sea in 480 C According to history, the army was more than 1 and ½ million people. Realistically, around 300,000-ish. It was big enough to crush the Greek cities.
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· Spartans asked for advice from the Delphic Oracle. They took it very seriously, and took the Oracle’s message at the instruction of the god/esses. The message was to surrender to fight to the death. Spartans chose the latter. As the Persian army moved south, a Greek force under Leonidas’ command moved north to stop their advance, at Thermopylae, the Gates of Fire.
· 480BC, Thermopylae was a natural bottleneck. The rad south was squeezed between the shoreline and the mountains. 7-8000 Hoplites came from all over Greece. 1st thing they did was rebuild a wall that crossed the narrowest part of the pass. Then, they got behind it to stop the invasion. And fought back in Hoplite formation.
· The Greek s were outnumbered, but had geography on their side. If they slowed down the Persians, other Greeks could organise better defences at land and sea.
· The Persians made 3 attacks in  days and were fought back 3 times.
· Xerxes was told of a secret tunnel that went through the mountains and behind the Greek wall. Leonidas found out that the Persians knew, so he dismissed the allies.
· Leonidas and 300 Spartans fought. Others were sent away since Leonidas knew they were going to die. Only old married with sons took part. Spartans were ordered to try and find a khalos finatos, a beautiful death. Leonidas knew they’d be surrounded.
· On the final morning, the Spartans did their pre-battle rituals: naked exercise, oil bodies, comb each other’s long hair, but names on sticks which attached on their arms [like dog-tags].
· Militarily Thermopylae insignificant. The defeat at Thermopylae delayed the Persians for a week. When they continued to move south, there was another Battle at Salamis with Athens and her allies. The Persians were beaten [by chance]. In the following year, the Persians were kicked out of Greece.
- -4 votes
Who is this goone keval gohil, He is naive with his answers and does not know anything about sparta. He is an un reliable source and looks like an owl. And i do have GCSFE In maths, I got a U darling
- -5 votes
Dun noe to dun noe, If manz wants a fight come down manz ends and i'll stick and object in your eye, WHO INVITED MR I DONT GIVE A ****, HE CRIES ABOUT HIS DADDY IN A BLOG BECAUSE HIS MUSIC SUCKS, AND TRUTHFULLY IVE HAD ENOUGH, **** ROLLING PAPERS I'M A REBEL ***** I'M ASHING BLUNTS. Dun noe thats me you wanna succeed in your exams bun some j's and stare into my eyes