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I'm really struggling to find out some specific information about this peice. Could anyone tell me about...???
The album was recorded with almost no rehearsal, and the musicians had no score to play from. They would have to know these things;
1. The overall structure including who would solo and when
2. The basic chord sequence
3. The main melodic idea
4. Which mode or scale to improvise on
‘All Blues’ is based on the 12-bar blues progression.
The main melody is called the head and is played by a muted trumpet. It last for 12 bars and can be heard near the start and the end of the piece.
There is a simple 4 bar riff in parallel 3rds that separates each section.
The piece can be broken down into five sections...
o Introduction – the opening four bars, played by the phthm section, is followed by the riff.
o Head 1 – the head melody, followed by the riff, is played twice.
o Solos – for trumpet, alto sax, tenor sax and piano, each followed by the riff.
o Head 2 – the head melody, followed by the riff is played twice.
o Coda – a solo for muted trumpet.
This structure is known as a head arrangement.
1) The head melody is quite simple and characterised by the rising 6ths (the interval from D to B). This is followed by four improvised solos:
1. Trumpet solo: lasts for 4 choruses. Mostly made up of short, syncopated motifs.
2. Alto sax solo: lasts for 4 choruses. Uses quicker notes and a wider range, Adderly’s improvisation is more virtuosic than Davis’.
3. Tenor sax solo: lasts for 4 choruses. Uses fast scales and quick runs; also very virtuosic.
4. Piano solo: lasts for 2 choruses. This improvisation is calmer, with a simple melody that lads into a string of parallel chords.
Harmony and Tonality
Based on the 12 bar blues sequence.
We can think of ‘All Blues’ as being is G major, but with a flattened seventh, called a blue note.
This is the same as the Mixolydian mode, so we can also describe ‘All Blues’ as being an example of modal jazz.
Rhythm, Metre and Tempo
The score is notated in 6/4.
The tempo is described as a jazz waltz because each 6/4 bar sounds like a pair of bars in 3/4 time (the metre associated with waltz)
It is performed with swing quavers.
The snare drum is played with wire brushes at the start – it switches to sticks later on.
The bass plays pizzicato throughout.
The trumpet is played with a Harmon mute for the head.
The piano plays tremolo at the start of the piece. Once the solos begin, the pianist begins accompanying with chords and short melodic ideas. This is called comping.
I hope that helps; it is what I am learning. :) x
Thank you so much, that was amazing :D
Thank you! This is so good :)