Zimbardo

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  • Zimbardo's Prison Experiment
    • Aim
      • Investigate effects of being assigned the role of prison guard or prisoner
    • Procedure
      • 24 men physically and mentally fit selected
      • Participants responded to article. Volunteered paid $15 per day
      • Prison created in Stanford basement. 3 small cells and solitary confinement
      • Randomly allocated guard or prisoner
      • Arrested at house then stripped sprayed and de loused
      • 3 times a day prisoners lined up for count tested on knowledge of rules and ID
    • Findings
      • Normal students started to believe allocated positions
      • Experiment stopped after 6 days instead of 2 weeks because of pathological reactions
      • 5 prisoners realised earlier due to extreme emotional depression
      • Some guards engaged in creative cruelty and harrassment
    • Conclusion
      • All participants took on the roles even sooner than imagined
    • Evaluation
      • Everyone was debriefed multiple times
      • Lack of fully informed consent by participants
      • Ethics- Level of humiliation and distress experienced by prisoners
      • The prisoners were not protected from psychological harm
      • Results were unpredictable so couldn't be full consent for psychological damage

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