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  • ww1
    • end to industrial unrest in russia
    • country united behind the tsar
    • under the influence of Rasputin and Tsarina the tsar regime became unpopular
    • suffered dislocation due to the war which lead to a major crisis
    • military performance
      • patriotism did not last long, success short lived
      • 30,000 troops killed and 95,000 captured
      • however Russia captured a town in Austria- hungary
      • Russians were forced out of Poland and Nicholas II took control of the army
      • left government to his wife tsarina
      • brusilov offensive 1916 - but they had to retreat due to  shortages of morale and material
    • home front
      • 9% of population was mobilised
      • higher taxes and foreign loans
      • inflation and loss of workers and horses mean less food production
      • takeover of railway lines by army - food shortages
      • loss of life and humiliation
    • political impacts
      • patriotism
      • creation of organisations
      • highlighted incompetence of the gov as bodies were successful
      • "progressive bloc" challenged the tsar and his authority
        • tsar refused to listen to their demands
    • Rasputin and Tsarina
      • after Rasputin helped Tsarinas son from illness, he was allowed into the courts
      • personal confident to tsarina
      • troops called in by Tsarina - by march they had sided with the voters
      • tsarina was german born
      • Rasputin was killed


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