ww1

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  • World War 1
    • Key Facts
      • Triple alliance- Germany, Italy, Austro- Hungarian empire, Bosnia
        • Triple Entente- Great Britain, France, Russian Empire
      • 1914-1918
    • Key words
      • Arms- A country's weapons, ships and soliders
      • Treaty- Agreement between two countries
      • Alliance-Agreement between two countries to fight together
      • Empire- when one country rules over other countries
      • Colonies- A country controlled by an empire.
    • Causes of the war
      • Short Term
        • Assassination of Franz Ferdinad 1914
          • How?
          • Where?
            • Outside a sandwhich shop
        • The German decision for war
        • The confusion about Britains descion
    • WW1 recriment
      • Posters included things such as, Adventure, peer pressure , Heroism, guilt, duty.
      • Posters were the most common way for sdvetistment.
    • Schlieffen Plan
      • Plan
        • 1905 von schlieffen the leader of the Germany army decided that the only way to prevent this happing is to invade France in the first 5 weeks
          • - The French would be expecting an attack in Alsace - Lorraine where they shared a border with Germany - The French, however, would not be expecting an attack through neutral Belgium where they had a border.
            • If the Germans attacked through Belgium the French would be taken by surprise. The speed of the German attack would lead to the French surrendering within 6 weeks. - Schlieffen decided that Russia would take a long time to mobilise its troops because of its size and backwardsness.
              • So Germans would be able to defeat France quickly and then use the same troops to defeat Russia.- Even though Von Schlieffen died in 1912 they still used his place but changed it slightly so that they just went through Belgium and not Holland.
                • For it to succeed the attack had to be swift by Germany.- Britain had no intention of joining the war. Britains main concern was its own security.-
                  • Belgium had been declared a neutral country by the Treaty of London which all the great powers had signed. - When German troops entered Belgium in 1914 Britain declared war on Germany. - Britain claimed to be going to war to protect the sancitity of the treaties- Germany was suprised to be going to war over something which they called the 'scrap of paper'.
      • Why did they need the plan?
        • Germany had a  problem because face with a  war of Russia and France.
    • Trenches
      • Food
        • Water would be kept in metal fuel cans so you could still taste the petrol.
        • 16 men to 1 loaf of bread
        • Lots of tinned food so soliders would have poor nutrition
      • How people felt about war- united with other people, felt like being a rabbit getting hunted
      • Living in the trench
        • Winter in the trench
          • lots of water, frostbite, trench foot- couldn't take your shoes off
        • 2 hours front line, 4 hours sleep, 2 hours building trenches
        • lack of sleep
        • Fear
          • Constant noise, PDS, dead people everywhere
          • Soldiers would throw themselves to the floor due to shell shock
          • Smelt of death everywhere
          • N sanitary things, lice in clothes
        • Rats eating people
    • Women
      • Before the War?
        • Not expected to work if married
        • Chaperoned if single
        • Education trained for a domestic role
      • After the War.
        • Women expected to give up job. Women who kept jobs criticised, 1930 womens wage half mans. 1931 are less employed than in 1914.
      • How did the position of women change before ww1?
        • Suffragetts
          • Went round giving white feathers to men not in the armed forces
          • Fought for votes for women
          • Their campaigning  would include law breaking
            • Violence and hunger strikes
          • 1905 - heckling of Sir Edward Grey1908 – window-smashing campaign on government buildings1
          • 1909 – Prime Minister Herbert Asquith is attacked1909 – Marion Dunlop goes on hunger strike in prison, sparking a spate of copycats
          • 1913 – Emily Davison is killed when she jumps in front of the King’s horse at the Derby
        • Suffragists
          • Weren't as violet as the suffergets
          • They usually walked around with signs saying votes for women
      • During the War.
        • Worked in ammunitions factories, railway porters and ambulance drivers.
        • WAAC-Womens Army Auxilary Corps- formed 1917
        • What does WRAF stand for?Womens Royal Air Force-formed 1918
      • Womens attitudes and appearances How did womens appearance and attitude change?Some cut hair short, wore trousers, chaperones less common, smoked, drank in pubs, went to cinema and shopping unsupervised. Returning troops from france amazed.

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