Was World War Two a turning point for trade union and labour rights

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  • World War Two
    • 1942 - National War Labour Board - a mixed bag
      • The National War Labor Board (NWLB) was a federal agency created on April 8, 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson. It was composed of twelve representatives from business and labor, and co-chaired by Former President William Howard Taft. Its purpose was to arbitrate disputes between workers and employers in order to ensure labor reliability and productivity during the war. It was disbanded after the war in May 1919.
    • 1943 - FEPC established
      • The Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) implemented US Executive Order 8802, requiring that companies with government contracts not discriminate on the basis of race or religion. It was intended to help African Americans and other minorities obtain jobs in the homefront industry during World War II.
    • 1943 - Smith Connally Act
      • The Smith–Connally Act (also called the War Labor Disputes Act)was an American law passed on June 25, 1943, over President Franklin D. Roosevelt's veto.The legislation was hurriedly created after 400,000 coal miners, their wages significantly lowered due to high wartime inflation, struck for a $2-a-day wage increase.
    • Post War: Wave of strikes
    • 1947 - Taft Hartley Act
      • The passing of the Taft Hartley Act or Labour Management Relations Act in 1947 restained their powers and purged communist unions but president Truman tried to veto this. Consequently, the act weakened the CIO which depebded on communist support. Many communists and non-communists in the CIO caused internal divisions which further weakened it.
    • 1949 -New Deal - A mixed bag
      • As a result of the New Deal, the control of industry was shifted away from employers into the hands of the government. For example, the new National War Labour Board was set up to adjudicate labour disputes and inrease wages in 1941


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