Causes of the 1917 Revolutions- War

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  • World War One
    • Moral dropped after 3 years of little success
      • Strain of economic ability
    • 15 million peasants were pulled from farms
      • Food shortage
        • People were angry and hungy
        • Peasants were hoarding grain
      • "Peasants in uniform" unfit
    • Generals were suspicious of each other, miscommunication and disorganisation of supplies was common
    • Nicholas II became Commander-in-Chief in August 1915
      • Made him responsible for all war defeats
      • Absent from petrograd, not able to control his government
    • Rail network was deteriorating
      • Supplies not reaching towns
        • 18th February 1917- Workers from different factories joined at Putilov Steel Works to strike after a rumour that bread supplies would be cut
          • Series of strikes hinted an impending revolution, but the Tsar didn't respond
      • Army had requisitioned about 1/3 of rolling stock for transportation of soldiers and army supplies
    • Living conditions worsening
      • 23rd Feb 1917- International Women's Day, thousands gathered to protest about working conditions and food shortages
    • Stress rose and people looked for someone to blame which was often Nicholas
    • 18th June- June Offensive, lasted two weeks and led to the collapse of the Russian Military
      • 20th June- New wave of strikes and demonstrations in Petrograd
    • Criticism of Duma
    • 2nd March- Nicholas abdicates and the Progressive Bloc formed themselves into a Provisional Government


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