Word Formation- Lexis

Spider diagram of the different types of word formation.

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  • Created by: Kate
  • Created on: 14-05-13 14:27
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  • Word Formation
    • Compunding- When we combine 2 lexemes to form a new lexeme
      • Solid compounds: houseplant, password
      • Hyphenated Compounds: phone-booth
      • Open Compound: hockey stick
    • Affixation- method of fixing bound morphemes to lexemes (prefixes, infixes and suffixes
      • Change grammatical function (word class)
      • Antonymy- creation of opposites
    • Conversion- the word can Change from one grammatical function to another (word class)
      • eg. desert, drink, smell
    • Blending- Takes 2 independent lexemes to create a new independent lexeme with its own semantic function
      • Eg. smoke + fog = smog
    • Back-Formation - short words derived from older words which were longer
      • eg. Normal to norm, singer to sing.
    • Clipping- loss of syllables from lexemes- can occur at beginning or end of words
      • Procope- loss at beginning. eg. omnibus becomes bus
      • Apocope- Loss at the end. eg. televison becomes tele.
    • Acronyms- Using initial phonemes/ graphemes to produce new lexemes. eg. NATO, TARDIS, SWAT.
    • Eponyms- Words created from names (usually inventors). eg. Biro, Marxism, sandwich.
    • Nonce Words- (Nonce= present occasion/ time being). Words created for particular occasions- often derived from brand names but come to represent all the examples of a particular thing.
      • Eg. Hoover, Durex
    • Reduplication- Repetition of identical or near identical lexemes or phonemes.eg. weewee, humpty dumpty, fiddle faddle.


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