Women in USA 1865-1992

  • Created by: AbigailCC
  • Created on: 21-05-19 01:22
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  • Women in the USA 1865-1992
    • Government and Presidenetial policy
      • 19th Amendment 1920 ( vote)
      • Equal Pay Act- 1963        (same wages)
      • Lyndon B Johnson and Elenor Roosevelt helped
    • Legal cases
      • Susan B. Anthony 1973 ( fined for voting)
      • Roe v. Wade 1973 ( banned abortions was unconstitutional)
    • Economic factors
      • By 1946, 2 million women were fired from heavy industries
      • In 1970s, womens wages were 57% of mens
      • Less than 8% of engineers were women in 1990
      • In 1963, women were paid approx. 32% less than men
      • 10% of women had jobs- 1840
        • 15%- 1870
        • 24%- 1924
      • AA women gained 10-30% in 1870-1914 in social changes
      • 30% of degrees were given to women by 1920
    • Role of pressure groups
      • Anti- slavery convention- 1837 ( demand voting rights)
      • Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) 1874- ban alcohol
      • American Equal Rights Association (AERA) 1866- remove restrictions on rights
      • National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA) 1869- womens (only) suffrage
      • American Womean Suffrage Association (AWSA) 1869- ( men and women) wanted national change
        • National American Suffrage Association ( NAWSA) 1890- merged
      • National American Suffrage Association ( NAWSA) 1890- merged
      • Flappers era- 1920s
      • National Organization of women ( NOW)- 1972
    • Solidarity and unity across the period
      • Although NAWSA was formed, spilits in aims and methods weakened the cause
      • Divisons between Old ( legal issues) and New Feminsim ( Social issues)
    • Impact of world wars
      • WW1: womens contribution to the work force was important, 19th Amendment was passed (1920) still faced discrimination
        • over 3 million women workes towards the war effort
      • WW2: female cooperation was essential, women worked in skilled jobs, propaganda gave the impression that women were needed
        • over 6 million people worked towards the war effort
    • Impact of individuals
      • Carrie Catt- wanted women to intergrate into national political life
      • Ella baker- campaigner for AA and women attaining CR
      • Betty Friedan- challenged the basis of womens role in society
      • Kate Millett- book: sexual politics ( position of women) 1970
    • The strength of opposition
      • National Association Oppossed to Women Suffrage 1911
      • Religion: Catholics saw suffrage reform as weakening the family
      • Southern Democrats: feared that women would work with AA
      • President Nixon- silently opposed social change

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