Women and Crime

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  • Created by: HLOldham
  • Created on: 23-03-16 20:50
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  • Women and Crime
    • Karla Homolkas
      • When released reporters heard saying "imagine coming home to that every night"
      • Blinks (2002): said reporters were mesmerized by the way she looks
      • Described as using her looks to her advantage to get the public on her side
      • Washington Post articles focused heavily on her appearance
    • Male Gaze
      • Articles are written from a males perspective so tend to focus on women's looks rather tan the actions that they have taken
    • Pretty Women Syndrome
      • The idea that the public feel sympathy for female criminals if they are young and pretty
    • Liberation Thesis
      • Found that women are now more involved in the criminal world like men because feminism has liberated them
      • Since 1950 the rate of female offenders has gone up from 1/7 to 1/6
      • More women are getting involved in traditionally male crime such as armed robbery
      • There has recently been a rise in female gangs
    • Police Stereotyping
      • Women are less likely to get caught for crimes they do commit than men
    • Sex Role Theory and Gender socialisation
      • Sex-role theory is concerned with gender socialization and the different roles of men and women in society
        • Women's traditional roles involving caring for partners, children and dependent elderly relatives, combined with responsibilities for house work and family management, and often paid employment
          • Women's gender characteristics include being more emotional, less competitive, less tough and aggressive and more averse to taking risks than men
            • These combine to make many women both more afraid of the risk-taking in crime, as well as giving them fewer opportunities to commit crime than men
    • Chivalry Thesis
      • Suggests that  the legal system is male dominated and that courts are easier on women due to them not being considered a threat
      • Evidence for Chivalry Thesis
        • 1. Home Office - women treated more leniently by the law - first offenders half as likely to be sentenced to immediate imprisonment than men
        • 2. Female offenders generally regarded by the police as less men - therefore more likely to benefit from informal approaches to their offences
      • Evidence against Chivalry Thesis
        • 1. Women who commit serious offences are likely to get much more severe punishments than men
          • Carlen (1997): thought this was because women were seen to be twice as guilty - firstly for their crime and secondly for failing to be a good woman
        • 2. Women are more likely to be put in custody whilst awaiting charges than men


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