Britain - Women

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  • Created by: lou9119
  • Created on: 27-04-16 18:23
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  • Women
    • During WW2
      • Women had jobs such as:
        • The Woman's Voluntary Service: where women aided firefighters and collected scrap metal to repair damaged houses.
        • Factories: created ammunition for £2.15 an hour.
        • The Women's Auxiliary Air Force: Women fixed aeroplanes and radar stations to keep the war effort going.
        • Secret Agents: Women worked as secret agents and spies, often used "special female" skills to get information out of German men.
        • War Contribution: At the end of the war in 1945 there were 460,000 women in the military and over 6.5 million in civilian work,
        • The Auxiliary Territorial Service: Women wore green uniforms like men and were drivers and handymen to support the men fighting.
    • Early 1950s
      • 36% of women worked.
      • Women should leave their job once they got married.
        • The whole Beveridge Report was based on the assumption that only the man would be in work.
      • Heavy industry was only looking for male employees.
      • Hard to get promoted.
      • Got paid less than men for doing the same job.
        • Women earned 42% of a man's wage.
    • Day-to-day life
      • On average women spent 8 hours a day on housework.
      • Women had very little leisure time.
      • Contraception wasn't available so many women got pregnant often.
      • Unmarried woman were expected to save sex until marriage.
      • The Divorce Law was biased towards men and so women found it hard to get out of failed or violent marriages.
    • What changed for women?
      • Welfare State
        • NHS, National Insurance, new houses and education.
      • Prosperity
        • The economy got better after the war due to Marshall Aid and so families had more money.
      • Technology
        • Domestic products reduced to the time women were spending on housework.
      • Work
        • Ideas on women working were increasing and so women had the in-dependence of working.
      • Media
        • Magazines for women, the TV in the 1960s and women gained role-models to aspire to.
      • Choice
      • Contraception - 1961 Abortion and Divorce
        • After 1965 the birth rate fell dramatically and fell from 6,8,10 to 2,3,4
        • Abortion was made legal in 1967 by the Women's Liberation Movement. IF the woman gained the agreement of two doctors.
        • Divorce was passed by parliament in 1969 on the grounds on a broken relationship and no evidence was needed as was previous.
          • The Matrimonial Property Act was also passed, giving women a share of the assets built up during a marriage.
    • Women's movement
      • Campaigning for equal rights boomed due to feminists in the USA and thus used the new technology to raise awareness of their cause.
        • Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND)
        • The Female Eunuch.
        • This led to the Women's Liberation Movement which was launched in 1970. They demanded they have:
          • Equal Pay
          • Equal education and opportunities
          • 24-hour nurseries
          • Free  contraception and abortion on demand

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