• Created by: Abitracey
  • Created on: 17-02-13 14:19
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  • Wittgenstein
    • Wittgenstein and religion
      • Wittgenstein respected religion and realised that it couldn't be analysed via the narrow criteria of the verificationists.
      • Religion cannot be spoken of and analysed in scientific ways as it is not the same sort of thing.
      • D.Z.Phillips: says thta it prevents philosophy of religion as it suggests that no one who is outside the game can criticise the belief.
        • Some of the problems caused by religious language exist becuase we take the language literally.
      • Phillips agrees with Wittgenstein's idea, religious statements cannot be understood in a literal way but still have a profound meaning for those who make them.
    • Later Wittgenstein
      • He became interested in analysing how wprds were used in various forms of life or settings
      • meanings of words are not fixed.
      • What is important is how a word is used.
      • The main task of philosophers is to analyse the use of language. The meaning of a word is really its use. The use of language helps to create our persective of the world.
      • Wittgenstein says that words are tools. The question 'What is a word really?' is analogous to 'what is a chess piece?'. Our words are moves that we make playing various language games.
    • Language games
      • Language use is like playing a game with rules.
      • Within groups we have agreed rules about how words are used.
      • Different settings and situations each have thier own language games.
      • Religious language and the statements of different religious gruops are in themselves different language games.


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