Witchcraft

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  • Attitudes Towards Witchcraft
    • James 1  1604 WITCHCRAFT STATUE brought all the witchcraft laws together.
      • Wrote book demonologie  as he was paranoid and feared witchcaraft.
        • Leads to more paranoia and suspicion, people now what to look out for
      • Paranoid because Parents died supposedly because of witchcraft and also all the revolutions and plots made him nervous.
    • Henry VIII 1542 Made witchcraft a serious crime with dealthy penalty.
      • Made witchcraft a crime against the state not just the church - treason
    • Elizabeth I 1563  defined two types of witchcraft:1/Major-> Using magic to kill or treason(punishable by death) 2.Minor-> Using spells or charms (stocks or imprisonment.)
      • Made people look out for witches, increase paranoia. SUSPICION
        • Henry VIII 1542 Made witchcraft a serious crime with dealthy penalty.
          • Made witchcraft a crime against the state not just the church - treason
        • James 1  1604 WITCHCRAFT STATUE brought all the witchcraft laws together.
          • Wrote book demonologie  as he was paranoid and feared witchcaraft.
            • Leads to more paranoia and suspicion, people now what to look out for
          • Paranoid because Parents died supposedly because of witchcraft and also all the revolutions and plots made him nervous.
    • Religon -> The country was chaotic and confused, the reformation, protestants and catholics became suspicious of one another, accusing the other of witchcraft, but mainly focused on Catholics.
    • Social changes - leads to communities breaking up, which then leads to tension building up.
      • SUSPICION - blamed anyone
    • Children were used as witnesses in court - children made up stories etc. But fear of witchcraft so big, they believed them, no matter how reliable they were.
    • Economic Hardship - this led to lots of jealousy.
      • People used witchcarft as a scapegoat, to why they were doing so much better than them, or if the wealthy suspected the poor. SCAPEGOAT.
    • BUT THEN- they started to use scientific evidence such as marks.
      • You couldn't just accuse anyone anymore!
        • Children were NOT viable witnesses in court!
    • Economic and Social changed declined
      • More and more people were better off, so there was LESS jealousy and suspicion.
    • Reign of Charles from 1660
      • Increased Scientific experiments and disocreties
      • By mid 17th Century, superstitious beliefs replaced by scientific explanations  --> there was more rational attitude
    • LAST HANGING for witchcraft was ALICE MOLLAND 1684
    • ALL WITCHCRAFT LAWS ABOLISHED 1736
  • Made people look out for witches, increase paranoia. SUSPICION
    • Locals beliefs hadn't changed but  Authorities had
      • Attitudes Towards Witchcraft
        • Elizabeth I 1563  defined two types of witchcraft:1/Major-> Using magic to kill or treason(punishable by death) 2.Minor-> Using spells or charms (stocks or imprisonment.)
          • Religon -> The country was chaotic and confused, the reformation, protestants and catholics became suspicious of one another, accusing the other of witchcraft, but mainly focused on Catholics.
          • Social changes - leads to communities breaking up, which then leads to tension building up.
            • SUSPICION - blamed anyone
          • Children were used as witnesses in court - children made up stories etc. But fear of witchcraft so big, they believed them, no matter how reliable they were.
          • Economic Hardship - this led to lots of jealousy.
            • People used witchcarft as a scapegoat, to why they were doing so much better than them, or if the wealthy suspected the poor. SCAPEGOAT.
          • BUT THEN- they started to use scientific evidence such as marks.
            • You couldn't just accuse anyone anymore!
              • Children were NOT viable witnesses in court!
          • Economic and Social changed declined
            • More and more people were better off, so there was LESS jealousy and suspicion.
          • Reign of Charles from 1660
            • Increased Scientific experiments and disocreties
            • By mid 17th Century, superstitious beliefs replaced by scientific explanations  --> there was more rational attitude
          • LAST HANGING for witchcraft was ALICE MOLLAND 1684
          • ALL WITCHCRAFT LAWS ABOLISHED 1736
        • For example, in 1751, people accused neighbour of witchcraft, did the swimming test unofficially and she died, Authorities hanged the ringleader for murder.

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