William Paley (18th century) Teleological

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  • William Paley (18th century) Teleological
    • ANALOGY - Walking along, come across a stone- we might wonder how it came about. We would conclude that it was due to natural events
      • However,  if we were to discover a watch we would not come to the same conclusion as the inside of the watch is so complex it seems like it has been designed by some sort of intelligence and not the result of random chance
        • Paley believed that the world would reach this conclusion even if we didn't know the purpose of the watch
      • Paley then suggests that the universe is complex like the watch therefore also suggesting it has a designer
    • Paley then suggests that the universe is complex like the watch therefore also suggesting it has a designer
    • Paley also uses the eye as an EXAMPLE - the eye is an incredibly complex unit within the human body alone is evidence for an intelligent designer.
    • These arguments talk about God as the designer, designed the world so not only that it had a purpose but it is able to fulfil it's purpose - this explores design qua purpose
    • Paley also looks at design qua regularity - He refers to the motion of the planets that he saw at night and stated that it is impossible not to conclude that some guiding intelligence has planned the order of their movement
    • Paley adds that this guiding intelligence was responsible for creating the purpose of all living things and this must be God

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