Wildlife Conservation Methods Part 2

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  • Wildlife Conservation Methods
    • Release of captive-bred animals
      • May be poor hunters / not good at escaping from predators. Not fully developed hunting skills
      • No immunity to local diseases
      • Not accepted by indigenous population - problem with species that have close social structure, e.g. apes, monkeys. No protection = more likely to be killed
      • Specific behavioural patters not learnt, e.g. courtship displays
      • Other species may have colonised & taken over niche
    • Habitat conservation
      • Land Ownership
        • Land ownership to establish protected areas: RSPB reserves, National Trust Land
        • Landowner & other land users must manage area to protect habitat / species: NNRs. SSIs, SPAs, SACs, Ramsar Sites
      • Habitat management
        • Actively manage area to maintain its value. Increase suitability for particular species or restore unsuitable habitat
      • Habitat management to provide suitable conditions for particular desired species
        • Providing bird and bat nest boxes
        • delaying mowing until after wildflower seeds have dispersed
      • Habitat creation
        • Very hard even when conditions are known
        • Habitats created by humans that can benefit wildlife are:
          • Roadside verges
            • Forestry plantations
          • Resevoirs
  • May not recognise food species or poisonous foods because not familiar with them in captivity
    • Release of captive-bred animals
      • May be poor hunters / not good at escaping from predators. Not fully developed hunting skills
      • No immunity to local diseases
      • Not accepted by indigenous population - problem with species that have close social structure, e.g. apes, monkeys. No protection = more likely to be killed
      • Specific behavioural patters not learnt, e.g. courtship displays
      • Other species may have colonised & taken over niche
  • Protected areas
    • Habitat conservation
      • Land Ownership
        • Land ownership to establish protected areas: RSPB reserves, National Trust Land
        • Landowner & other land users must manage area to protect habitat / species: NNRs. SSIs, SPAs, SACs, Ramsar Sites
      • Habitat management
        • Actively manage area to maintain its value. Increase suitability for particular species or restore unsuitable habitat
      • Habitat management to provide suitable conditions for particular desired species
        • Providing bird and bat nest boxes
        • delaying mowing until after wildflower seeds have dispersed
      • Habitat creation
        • Very hard even when conditions are known
        • Habitats created by humans that can benefit wildlife are:
          • Roadside verges
            • Forestry plantations
          • Resevoirs
    • Easier to prevent damaging influences within the area
  • Successful management need requirements, abiotic and biotic
    • Planting hedges as biological corridors between woodlands
      • Urban gardens / parkland

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