Henry IV of France - Wider Historical Context

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  • Created by: Romy
  • Created on: 06-04-15 15:49
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  • Wider Historical Context
    • Religion
      • The Roman Catholic church was very powerful and far reaching in the late middle ages, however it was quite corrupt...
        • 1515- All of west and Central Europe = Roman Catholic
          • 1545 - North East Europe and France started becoming Protestant
      • 1517- Martin Luther - reformation starts to improve RC church
        • ...led to Protestantism being led by a council of Bishops, not the Pope
          • Renaissance ideas began to resurface across Europe
      • John Calvin- experienced religious conversion, published books about the church, Calvinism formed,a motivator rather than an innovator
      • Background on France
        • Still very medieval - Paris administrative center
        • ORIGINS OF THE FRENCH WARS OF RELIGION...
          • spread of Calvinism and growing religious disharmony
          • social + economic tensions due to civil war
          • growth of clientage and factional rivalry
          • Weakness of Francis II
        • MASSACRE OF ST BARTHOLOMEWS'S EVE
          • Coligny (H) had total influence over Charles IX
          • 1572- wedding of Margaret and Henry of Navarre, lots of Huge's
          • slaughter of Huguenots took place in Paris arranged by the Duke of Guise
            • Coligny died along with 4000 Hugu's
              • the heirs and many townsfolk spread to the provinces
    • FACTIONS
      • GUISE
        • power base - East of France
      • BOURBONS
        • power base- South France + Picardy
        • Heirs to the throne if the valois failed to produce an heir (Catherine de Medici and 4 sons)
        • Henry of Navarre
      • MONTMORENCYS
        • the constable of France
        • Anne Montmorency
        • disliked the Guise but were devout Catholics

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