Why had there been no decisive victory by 1644? Part 2

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  • Why was there no decisive victory by 1644?
    • Economic and social impact
      • Sometimes Charles' commanders forcibly collected rates in kind and plundered local communities
      • Parliament controlled London and other more prosperous areas
      • Both sides began the war by appointing military commanders for their social status not military expertise
    • Internal divisions among Parliamentarians
      • Parliamentary commanders often ignored their orders
        • Essex and Waller were meant to advance together but their rivalries meant that they could not co-operate
      • Pym was an excellent tactician, but he knew that Parliament needed to take the long route to see the advantages come into fruition
    • Local Administration
      • Soldiers did not consider themselves to be a mobile army and would fight for their own area and then refuse to move on
      • Both sides discovered that often commanders were reluctant to march too far away from their home counties
      • Charles set up an additional war council to the one in Oxford at Bristol


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