Why was there a revolution in 1905?

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  • Created by: apple87
  • Created on: 01-05-15 14:13
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  • Why was there a revolution in 1905?
    • Political problems
      • No elected parliament
        • People had no voice
        • Only elected institution was the Zemstva
      • Revolutionary groups spread revolutionary ideas.
        • Caused crisis in the countryside.
          • Destroyed records of debts..
        • 2000 political assassinations including Tsar's Uncle
    • Economic problems
      • Rising Population
        • Pressure agricultural demand that it couldn't meet.
          • Subsistence farming.
        • Many peasants flocked to cities.
          • Result of Wittes spurt which created many jobs.
            • Conditions were terrible.
      • Government industrialisation.
        • Large purpose built factories.
          • Created lots of production but strikes could involve thousands.
      • Hungry, poorly treated people.
        • Radicalised by SR's and SD's
          • Took part in demonstrations such as Bloody Sunday.
    • Bloody Sunday
      • 9th January 1905.
      • Father Gapon
      • Protestors marched to the Winter Palace with a petition.
        • Wanted end to the Russo-Japanese war.
        • Called for 8 hour working day and better pay.
      • Tsar ordered no one should near the palace.
        • Soldiers fired on protesters.
        • Wasn't in residence.
        • Unrealistic for him to meet the protestors.
      • Impacts
        • Peasants stole land from land owners.
        • Half million workers went on strike.
          • Affected railways which stopped food reaching cities.
          • Organised by St Petersburg Soviet
            • Trotsky was key player,
        • Demonstrated Tsars inability to control anything without violence and repression.
        • Russians no longer saw Tsar as their 'Little father'.
        • All Russian Peasants Union struggled to organise peasants on a national level.
    • Russo- Japanese War
      • Started in 1904.
      • Performance of military was linked to Tsars control and authority over the Russian people.
        • Defeated on Land and Sea by smaller but industrially developed Japan.
          • Defeats led to mutinies.
            • Potemkin Mutiny in June 1905.
              • Killed officers
              • Bombarded port of Odessa
      • Army morale was low.
        • Nicholas wasn't confident in using it against the masses.
        • Remained loyal throughout.
    • Context
      • Russians had been unhappy for years.
      • Bloody Sunday was the spark.
      • Caused by long term and short term factors.
      • Poor working conditions,
      • Major crisis for the government.


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