Why Was Hitler Able to Dominate Germany by 1933?

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  • Why Was Hitler Able to Dominate Germany by 1933?
    • What Did the Nazi Party Strand for in the 1920s?
      • Adolf Hitler
        • Born in 1889, Hitler had lived in Germany from 1912 onwards
        • He was a soldier in WWI, winning the Iron Cross twice
        • In 1919, he joined the German Workers' Party, led by Anton Drexler
          • It was a small party - Hitler was the 55th member
            • In 1920, they changed to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis)
        • He was a charismatic speaker and attracted new members
          • He took over leadership of the party
        • The party set up its own armed group called the SA
          • Brownshirted stormtroopers who protected Nazi leaders and harassed opponents
        • Mein Kampf
          • The Aryan race is the master race
          • Germans have a right to Lebensraum
          • All other races inferior
          • Create a greater Germany
          • Reverse Versailles treaty
          • Anschluss with Austria
      • Mein Kampf
        • The Aryan race is the master race
        • Germans have a right to Lebensraum
        • All other races inferior
        • Create a greater Germany
        • Reverse Versailles treaty
        • Anschluss with Austria
    • Why Did the Nazis Have Little Success Before 1930?
      • The Munich Putsch
        • in 1923, things were going bad for the Weimar Republic - it seemed weak
          • Hitler planned to overthrow the government, starting in Bavaria
            • The SA occupied a beer hall in Munich were government officials were meeting - Hitler announced the revolution had begun
              • The next day Hitler marched into Munich, supported by stormtroopers
                • The revolt quickly collapsed when police fired on the rebels
                  • Nazis party was banned
                    • Hitler reestablished it after being released from prison, with himself as supreme leader
                      • By the mid-1920s, the Weimar economy seemed to be recovering - a takeover via a coup was no longer feasible
                        • Hitler Changes Tactics
                          • Tried to gain control through the democratic system
                          • The Nazi network was extended nationally, instead of it being a regional party
                          • Propoganda was used to promote the party's beliefs
                            • Joseph Goebbels
      • Hitler Changes Tactics
        • Tried to gain control through the democratic system
        • The Nazi network was extended nationally, instead of it being a regional party
        • Propoganda was used to promote the party's beliefs
          • Joseph Goebbels
    • How Did Hitler Consolidate His Power in 1933?
      • Enabling Act - March 1933
        • Allowed Hitler to govern for four years without parliament - all other parties illegal
    • Why Was Hitler Able to Become Chancellor by 1933?
      • The Great Depression
        • Massive unemployment - over 6 million by 1933
        • In 1931, Germany's biggest bank collapses, making paying reparations even harder
        • Weimar governments kept changing during this time, but no one could solve the economic problems
        • Contributed to the collapse of the Weimar Republic
        • Extremist groups became much more popular
          • Nazis Increase in Popularity
            • Promised to make Germany great again, appealing to the unemployed, businessmen and young people
            • Many supported anti-Semitism and anti-Communism
            • By 1930, Nazi membership grew to over 300,000
              • 1930 Election
                • Nazis now 2nd largest party - 107 seats
                • Bruning couldn't control the Reichstag - no majority party
                  • Had to rule by emergency decree
      • Nazis Increase in Popularity
        • Promised to make Germany great again, appealing to the unemployed, businessmen and young people
        • Many supported anti-Semitism and anti-Communism
        • By 1930, Nazi membership grew to over 300,000
          • 1930 Election
            • Nazis now 2nd largest party - 107 seats
            • Bruning couldn't control the Reichstag - no majority party
              • Had to rule by emergency decree
      • 1932 Presidential Election
        • Hitler narrowly loses to Hindenburg
          • 56% to 36.8%
      • July 1932 Election
        • Nazis now biggest party in the Reichstag (but still no majority) - 230 seats
          • Hindenburg refuses Hitler Chancellorship
      • November 1932 Election
        • Nazis lose 34 seats but still largest party
          • Appoints Kurt von Schleicher
            • Schleicher tries to divide the Nazis by offering Strasser Vice-Chancellorship
              • January 1933 - Hindenburg gives in and offers Hitler Chancellorship
                • Hitler alls another election to strengthen Nazis in the Reichstag
                  • March 1933 Elections
                    • Reichstag Fire
                      • Hitler blames Jewish Communists
                        • Enabling Act - March 1933
                          • Allowed Hitler to govern for four years without parliament - all other parties illegal
                        • Hitler declares Communist party illegal
                          • Gave him a majority in the Reichstag
                      • Nazis won 288 seats but no majority
                        • Communists still had 81
                          • Hitler declares Communist party illegal
                            • Gave him a majority in the Reichstag
                        • Dirty Tricks
                          • Opposition meetuings were banned
                          • Controlled news media
                          • SA terrorised opponents
                          • Hitler had emergency decree
          • Hindenburg
            • Couldn't find a chancellor with support in the Reichstag
              • Appoints independent Franz von Papen
                • Hindenburg refuses Hitler Chancellorship
              • Appoints Kurt von Schleicher
                • Schleicher tries to divide the Nazis by offering Strasser Vice-Chancellorship
                  • January 1933 - Hindenburg gives in and offers Hitler Chancellorship
                    • Hitler alls another election to strengthen Nazis in the Reichstag
                      • March 1933 Elections
                        • Reichstag Fire
                          • Hitler blames Jewish Communists
                          • Nazis won 288 seats but no majority
                            • Communists still had 81
                            • Dirty Tricks
                              • Opposition meetuings were banned
                              • Controlled news media
                              • SA terrorised opponents
                              • Hitler had emergency decree

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