Why was Abyssinia a failure for the League of Nations

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 23-03-14 16:29
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  • Why was Abyssinia a failure for the League of Nations
    • It was in the European sphere of influence
      • Britain and France controlled a large amount of Africa,
      • This means this crisis can't be ignored so the failure of the League to control Italy led to the failure,
    • Britain and France wanted to keep Italy as an ally- they signed the Stresa Pact in 1935- so they:
      • Took 8 months to discuss the initial incident between Italy and Abyssinia at the Wal-Wal Oasis and even offered Mussolini part of Abyssinia,
      • After Mussolini launched a full scale invasion in October 1935, the League imposed limited sanctions
        • They banned the sale of arms to Italy,
        • They banned loans to Italy,
        • They banned imports from Italy
        • They banned exports of rubber, tin and metals,
      • They didn't ban oil or coal exports,
        • This would hinder British trade- 30,000 miners would be out of a job,
        • Oil was supplied by the USA who weren't in the League,
      • Britain and France kept the Suez Canal open
        • If it had been closed, Italy would have been unable to supply weapons to Abyssinia easily and would have had to abandon their attack,
      • Hoare-Laval Pact,
        • Britain and France arranged to give Mussolini 2/3rds of Abyssinia and 1/3 could be for the natives,
        • this plan was leaked to the press so both resigned,
        • it shows B and F were acting outside the L of N and put their own interests before others,


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