Why the League of Nations Failed

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  • WHY THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS FAILED
    • ECONOMIC DEPRESSION
      • This meant that countries became more concerned with their own problems - they did not wish to be involved in disputes.
        • E.g. Japan and Manchuria, Italy and Abyssinia
    • LACK OF ARMY
      • The League threatened military force but, in reality, they could never carry out the threat.
        • E.g. Italy and Abyssinia
    • MEMBERSHIP
      • Some countries were not allowed to join and others chose not to. This made itdifficult to deal with some problems.
        • E.g. Japan and Manchuria
    • SECRET TREATIES
      • Countries formed their own alliances which stopped them acting in the best interests of the League.
        • E.g.Stresa Pact and Hoare-Laval Pact
    • LARGE COUNTRIES INTERESTS DOMINATED
      • It seemed that Collective security did not always protect smaller countries - different rules for larger countries.
        • E.g. Corfu incident and Greece Bulgaria
    • STRUCTURE OF THE LEAGUE
      • The decision making process was often slow and with decisions having to be unanimous, little was done.
        • E.g. Japan and Manchuria and Disarmament conference

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