Wilson's peace treaties

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  • Why peace treaties were rejected.
    • ARTICLE TEN
      • Allowed League's Council to decide what action  members of the League should take, if aggression  shown or war breaking out.
        • Went against Monroe Doctrine.
      • With Article Ten it became apparent that the US would be relied upon and expected to lead military.
        • Had the biggest standing army in 1919.
        • Senate would not want to give the League power over US military.
          • America had already sorted out European problems, lost many US lives.
            • Citizens developed 'never again' attitude.
    • MONROE DOCTRINE
      • Old fashioned American isolationism idea, many American's held highly.
        • After WWI people wanted to retreat back to isolationism.
          • Some senators felt this concept too much.
      • Treaty of Versailles would go against the Doctrine.
        • Some senators felt this concept too much.
      • Guaranteed USA wouldn't get involved in European affairs, this was contradicted in Article Ten.
        • People opposed and used this reason why, Henry Cabot Lodge was one of these.
    • HENRY CABOT LODGE
      • Head of Foreign Relations Comittee, a Republican.
      • Organised a petition signed by 39 senators that Article Ten was unnacceptable.
        • Cleverer than Wilson, did a good campaign that made people see an alternative and reject Wilson's Peace Treaties.
      • Used German-American's to voice opinions against Peace Treaties.
  • WOODROW WILSON
    • In mid-term elections 1918, people gave control of Houses of Congress to the Republicans, therefore causing a lack of support from congress itself.
    • Only took one Republican (Henry White) to Paris Peace conference.
      • Should have included senior Republicans to get them more involved.
    • Why peace treaties were rejected.
      • ARTICLE TEN
        • Allowed League's Council to decide what action  members of the League should take, if aggression  shown or war breaking out.
          • Went against Monroe Doctrine.
        • With Article Ten it became apparent that the US would be relied upon and expected to lead military.
          • Had the biggest standing army in 1919.
          • Senate would not want to give the League power over US military.
            • America had already sorted out European problems, lost many US lives.
              • Citizens developed 'never again' attitude.
      • MONROE DOCTRINE
        • Old fashioned American isolationism idea, many American's held highly.
          • After WWI people wanted to retreat back to isolationism.
          • Treaty of Versailles would go against the Doctrine.
            • Guaranteed USA wouldn't get involved in European affairs, this was contradicted in Article Ten.
              • People opposed and used this reason why, Henry Cabot Lodge was one of these.
          • HENRY CABOT LODGE
            • Head of Foreign Relations Comittee, a Republican.
            • Organised a petition signed by 39 senators that Article Ten was unnacceptable.
              • Cleverer than Wilson, did a good campaign that made people see an alternative and reject Wilson's Peace Treaties.
            • Used German-American's to voice opinions against Peace Treaties.
        • His attitude of not willing to compromise for article ten, the League of Nations made matters worse.
      • By doing this he couldn't have persuaded senate to support him.
        • Should have included senior Republicans to get them more involved.

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