Why Parliament Won the Civil War 1646

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  • Why Parliament Won 1646
    • Charles I's Personality & War Policies
      • Outgoing father, Charles was polar opposite
      • Did not have the personality or political skill to invite loyalty
      • Charles called for military support through the commissions of array. Parliament through the Militia Ordinance (more successful, promised pay)
    • Military Failures
      • Earl of Newcastle's failure to march army south in 1643 stopped a royalist attack on London when it may have been successful
      • Charles suffered military defeat in Scotland
    • Parliament's finance
      • Pym played a key roll in laying foundations of parliament's wartime administra-tion
      • Through creating new structures to run England without needing the King they were able to fund their war effort
      • The assessment in particular was able to raise substantial amounts of money
    • Holding London and the Navy
      • Propaganda, finance, manpower, port, industry, administra-tion
      • Navy: Support its forces and strongholds (Hull and Plymouth) as well as hamper the supply of royalist areas. it prevented Charles receiving supplies or men from the continent or Ireland
    • Local administration and communities
      • Development at a national level and transformed government at a local level
      • Employment of men who were activists dedicated to the cause
      • Charles was hampered by the counties under his control being relatively poor in comparison
    • The Solemn League and Covenant with the Scots allowed for 21,000 men to aid Parliament - although this army proved disappointing


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