why did Tsarism survive the 1905 revolution?

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  • why did Tsarism survive the 1905 revolution?
    • The loyalty of the armed forces
      • the government allowed and actively supported the formation of the "Union of Russian People"
        • this group where monarchists and had connections with the Black Hundreds
          • these groups where instigators for Pogroms against Jews and heavy supporters for the Tsar (ultra-nationalists)
        • these groups hunted down rebels and regained control
          • outbreaks of revolution where spontaneous and meant that counter revolutionary groups could stop them
    • the lack of unity among the revolutionaries
      • Revolutionaries did not work together.
      • outbreaks of revolution where spontaneous and meant that counter revolutionary groups could stop them
      • groups such as the St. Petersburg soviet had very little power over the people
        • was easy for the government to close them down
      • revolutionaries had different aims
        • Socialists
          • most socialists wanted the removal of the Tsar.
            • Socialist revolutionaries wanted a country where all land was handed to the peasants
        • liberals
          • most liberals wanted to share power with the Tsar via an elected parliament
            • got split by the October manifesto
              • octoberists thought the people should stick with the Tsar and the principles he proposed in the manifesto
              • Kadets believed the manifesto didn't go far enough
    • effective counter-revolution
      • The use of the loyal army, police and Black hundreds
        • the revolutionaries who still opposed the Tsar could be suppressed.
      • the October Manifesto
        • the manifesto split liberals into two factions
          • many belived they had got what they had wanted

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