why did the Second Crusade fail (to take Damascus in 1149)?

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 11-05-13 12:17
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  • why did the Second Crusade fail (to take Damascus in 1149)?
    • Poor leadership
      • Straegy
        • 1)Baltic Crusade again Wends
          • Real aim= recruit Conrad
            • protect his land from Saxons
            • Bernard's aim
          • Saxons V Wends (Pagans)
            • convert
            • wipe out
          • distracted man power
          • did not convert or wipe out
        • 2) Siege of Lisbon
          • Bernard's change of penance rule distracted man power
          • 10,00's troops attracted by booty
          • East had no trade possibilities
          • After siege...
            • loss of manpower
            • many stayed in lisbon
              • loss of manpower
            • Distraction
          • could have shadowed Conrad and Louis
            • across Anatolia
            • supplied them
        • Cross Anatolia
          • Conrad (Germans)
            • went coastal road like 1st crusaders
            • refused to wait for French
              • army too small
                • attempting too much
                  • ignore Greek advice
            • Dorylaeum massacre
            • retreat to Nicea / Constantinople/ gave up
          • Louis (France)
            • crosses Bosphorus- negotiate supplies
            • direct route across Anatolia
              • few supplies
              • attempt too much
                • few supplies
            • Louis retreats after Conrad's gone
              • leaves infantry
                • wiped out
        • Dorylaeum
          • ally of franks :(
          • no siege engines
          • limited rations
          • West in orchard= supplies, cover and water
            • more East= no cover, supplies, water or time
              • Muslims on way
          • too big to surround
            • no man power
      • Logistics
        • Anatolia
          • could not blame Byzantines
            • no their crusade
        • leaders fault no supplies
        • Louis went inland
          • no help from Greeks
      • Tactics
        • Conrad- Anatolia
          • stupid
          • poor tactics
            • fell for feigned retreat
            • Dorylaeum
          • ignored Greek adviced
        • Louis VII
          • won battles against Muslims
        • Damascus
          • Franks blamed for betrayal and move  East
          • Religiously important
            • heavily defended
          • Crusaders too small
            • no siege engines
            • easily ambusghed in Orchards
          • move East= :(
          • United Muslims attack
    • Factionalism
      • Bernard's fault
      • Antioch= don't help at all...
      • Antioch V Edessa
        • strong dislike
        • Edessa under attack, Antioch refused to help
          • Edessa fell
        • Melisende help
          • too late
          • Edessa under attack, Antioch refused to help
            • Edessa fell
      • Damascus= doomed to fail
      • Baldwin III V Melisende+Amalric
        • Melisende kept the throne
        • Ascalon would go to Amalric
          • no to Ascalon
    • Byzantine sabotage
      • Louis crossing Anatolia
        • there was Greek escort
          • army still wiped out
          • not enough ships for whole army to leave
      • Manuel signs a contract with Sultans of Rum
        • does not trust Westerners
      • Not their fault
        • German's should have taken Greek advice
          • wait for Louis
          • Manuel still provides supplies
        • French
          • supplied by Byzantines
          • warned of Turks
          • offered shelter in witer
          • Manuel sends fleet to save them
    • Muslim skill and unity
      • Mamluks
        • took children and brainwashed them
          • turned them into Mamluks
      • Zengi
        • Aleppo- begins empire--> Mosul
        • allied with Damascus
        • captured Edessa
  • traitor
    • Manuel signs a contract with Sultans of Rum
      • does not trust Westerners
  • very loyal
    • Mamluks
      • took children and brainwashed them
        • turned them into Mamluks

Comments

laura

thanx robyn, this is totes amaz ;)

Robyn

no problem Laura, hope it helps :)

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