Why did the Mormons head west in the 1840s?

The American West: Why did the Mormons head west in the 1840s? 

  • Pull factors
  • Push factors
  • Enabling factors
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  • WHY DID THE MORMONS HEAD WEST IN THE 1840s?
    • Push factors
      • Escape persecution
        • Joseph Smith thought of as blasphemous fraud
          • Smith's house attacked
          • Followers were shot
        • Outnumbered gentiles in Kirtland
          • Chased out after banks collapsed (1837)
        • Stopped from voting in Missouri (1837)
          • Blamed for settlers rioting
          • Imprisoned and condemned to death
          • Driven from state as public enemies (1838)
        • Smith denounced as false prophet after vision of POLYGAMY
          • Put in jail as a dictator
            • Shot dead (1844)
    • Pull factors
      • Mormons needed an isolated and unwanted area
      • Great Salt Lake
        • Streams fed by mountain snow
        • Good soil and grass
        • Mexico - outside US government
          • Mormons needed an isolated and unwanted area
    • Enabling factors
      • Brigham Young
        • Organised and practical
        • Determined, military-style leader
        • Rest camps built for those following
          • W.Q. built at Missouri River
      • Young agreed with Illinois that Mormons would leave Nauvoo in spring of 1846
        • Free from persecution until departure

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