why did the franks lose the Battle of Hattin in 1187?

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 11-05-13 20:00
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  • why did the crusaders lose the Battle of Hattin in July 1187?
    • Factional mistrust/ internal rivalries
      • Gerard de Ridefort
        • appealed for aid as Saladin approached Nazareth
          • arranged scratch force from nearby castles
          • massacred- Gerard blamed for loss
      • Reynald (de Chatillon) of Antioch
        • frustrated by truce with Saladin
          • rebelled
          • successful raid on Muslim caravan
            • rebelled
        • King Guy cannot control him
        • Reminded King of Raymond's treachery at Galilee
        • executed by Saladin
    • Long term geographical weakness
      • if Saladin attacked
        • Galilee
        • West bank of Jordan
        • coastal plain of Acre
    • Strength of Saladin
      • manpower
        • Jihadi rhetoric
        • Muslim force= 7,000+
        • outnumbered Crusaders
      • Stategy
        • sent scavaging parties across hills
          • tempt Franks
        • besieged Tiberias
          • lure Crusaders
            • Raymond's wife there
          • crusader factions
      • Tactics
        • execution of Reynald
          • revenge
  • Raymond and Tripoli
    • Factional mistrust/ internal rivalries
      • Gerard de Ridefort
        • appealed for aid as Saladin approached Nazareth
          • arranged scratch force from nearby castles
          • massacred- Gerard blamed for loss
      • Reynald (de Chatillon) of Antioch
        • frustrated by truce with Saladin
          • successful raid on Muslim caravan
          • King Guy cannot control him
          • Reminded King of Raymond's treachery at Galilee
          • executed by Saladin
      • Guy had to reconcile with Raymond
        • Control of Galilee was strategically vital
      • Nazareth= outside Raymond's territories
        • outside truce
          • no help from Raymond
      • Raymond urged abandonment of Tiberius
        • dispersal of Saladin's army @Galilee 1187
          • money
        • advice tainted
        • Raymond allowed through Muslim ranks at battle
    • treachary
      • Raymond allowed through Muslim ranks at battle
    • exposed
      • Galilee
      • West bank of Jordan
      • coastal plain of Acre
    • The actions of King Guy
      • why did the crusaders lose the Battle of Hattin in July 1187?
        • Long term geographical weakness
          • if Saladin attacked
          • Strength of Saladin
            • manpower
              • Jihadi rhetoric
              • Muslim force= 7,000+
              • outnumbered Crusaders
            • Stategy
              • sent scavaging parties across hills
                • tempt Franks
              • besieged Tiberias
                • lure Crusaders
                  • Raymond's wife there
                • crusader factions
            • Tactics
              • execution of Reynald
                • revenge
        • Startegy
          • lost popularity
          • lack of political grip exposed by failure to control Reynald
          • 1187 broke camp to march to Tiberias
            • could have changed mind
            • no reinforcements
            • confrontation
              • initially wanted to shadow
                • others thought it cowardly
            • bad decision
              • surrounded
          • empties cities of garrisons to attack Saladin
            • no protection
        • tactics
          • same as 4 years previous
            • 1183
            • refuse battle
        • supplies and logistics
          • June 1187 Franks@ Springs of Saphoria
          • could not fight no water
            • Muslims got through final defences
          • underestimated water needs
            • summer in desert
            • march to Tiberias
          • indecisive at Maskaan
      • flaunting power and cornering lucrative patronage
        • lost popularity
      • not prepared for long march
        • supplies and logistics
          • June 1187 Franks@ Springs of Saphoria
          • could not fight no water
            • Muslims got through final defences
          • underestimated water needs
            • summer in desert
            • march to Tiberias
          • indecisive at Maskaan
      • Galilee 1187
        • scrub fires
        • hails of arrows

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