Why did the crusader states collapse in 1187?

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  • Created by: Robyn
  • Created on: 11-05-13 19:24
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  • Why did the Crusader states collapse in 1187?
    • Frankish mistrust/ internal rivalries
      • Leper King= increase factions
      • change of Regency
        • factional pressure
        • Leper King= increase factions
      • Guys shadowing technique = good
        • factions bad
        • Sybil to Guy= lack of man power
      • Raymond  tries to start civil war
        • Guy mistrust
      • 1187 tempt Saladin
        • bad advice to Guy at Hattin
    • Feudal structure of Outramer
      • no king could control factions
      • Reynald Vs pilgrims
        • tempts Saladin
      • Bohemond III
        • Harim
        • no troops at Hattin
      • Cresson 1187
        • no manpower
          • 10% lost
      • Hospitallers- Bilbais 1168
        • massacre
        • lose Egypt
      • Templars
        • Ascalon 1153
          • loss of manpower
        • 1173- kill assassins
    • Long term geographical weakness
      • Isolated
      • desert= no defense
      • surrounded by Muslims- unite
        • doomed?
      • Anatolia
        • Conrad
          • coast route= fail
        • Loiuis
          • inland= fail
      • Jerusalem= buffer zone of Muslim world
        • play on Sunni Shi'ite split
    • Actions of King Guy
      • Strategy @ Hattin
        • 1183- shadowing :)
      • fail to control...
        • Reynald
        • Templars
      • remarries Sybil
        • upset Raymond
    • Rise of Muslim strength and unity
      • manpower
        • Jihad rhetoric
        • Saladin united Muslim world
        • Medina's walls
          • pious
        • encircled Outramer
          • Egypt
          • Damascus
          • Aleppo
          • Kerack
          • Mosul
      • wealth of Egypt and Franks loss
        • Egypt has wealth
        • fertile land
        • money to pay followers
      • treaty with Manuel
    • Lack of help from West and Byzantium
      • Byzantine
        • help Amalric
        • doesn't ally with Baldwin VI
        • ally Saladin
      • Baldwin VI
        • no power from West
          • lepracy
        • 1180 Pope Alexius
          • crusade
            • lepracy
        • God's judgement
          • lepracy
            • no one goes
        • 1183- Pope Lucius II
          • crusade
          • no one cares
  • lack of land
    • Long term geographical weakness
      • Isolated
      • desert= no defense
      • surrounded by Muslims- unite
        • doomed?
      • Anatolia
        • Conrad
          • coast route= fail
        • Loiuis
          • inland= fail
      • Jerusalem= buffer zone of Muslim world
        • play on Sunni Shi'ite split
    • no appeal to knights

Comments

NZLHistory

This is a very detailed mindmap that covers the key reasons for the collapse of the crusader states, with extra branches that provide supporting evidence. A great way to revise this as a potential essay question.

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