Why did the CPC win the Civil War?

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Why did the CPC win the Civil War?
    • Guerrilla Warfare
      • Wear and tear: gradually weaken the enemy
        • Mao described it as being like a battle between an elephant and a tiger
        • 320, 000 (PLA) against 2.8 million (GMD)
      • Manchuria: excellent terrain to make it effective
      • Experienced after the war with Japan
    • GMD military factors
      • Showed peasants no respect: called them 'slaves with no country of your own' (Jung Chang, Wild Swans')
      • Corruption within army: officers would often take soliders' wages and food
        • This led to a lack of discipline
      • Poorly trained and low on morale
    • Peasant support
      • Land reforms were very popular
      • Vital for guerrilla warfare
        • Provide resources so money could be spent elsewhere
      • Take land from landlords and redistribute among poorer peasants
        • Land to the tillers
      • The PLA were disciplined and respectful so they gained support
    • Chiang's Leadership
      • Did not get rid of corruption within party
        • Local officials accepted bribes and extorted money from peasants
        • Taxes did not get to central government so forced to borrow heavily putting them in debt
      • Did not deliver the Three Principles
        • Peoples' livelihood
        • Democracy
        • Nationalism
      • Accused of being too reliant on US aid
        • Taxes did not get to central government so forced to borrow heavily putting them in debt
    • Foreign influences
      • USA declared a ceasefire which helped the CPC regroup, rterain and recover
      • By giving the GMD $3 million dollars in aid, the GMD could be accused of not having China's interests at heart
      • USSR trained the PLA and offered financial aid and weaponry
    • Mao's leadership
      • Decided to make the transition form guerrilla to conventional
        • Led to the huge destruction of GMD forces which led to reduced morale
      • He was the undisputed leader of the CPC so there was political unity in the Party
        • Impressed peasants and helped him manage Civil War better

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all China in the 20th century resources »