why did stalin collectivise?

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  • why did stalin collectivise?
    • economic factors
      • record grain harvests in 1926
      • harvests of 1927,1928 and 1926 had fell substantially.
        • collectivisation offered greater efficiency
          • this would mean more grain could be taken to sell abroad and fund industrialisation
          • less people needed in rural areas = more people in the city
        • therefore living conditions declined
          • more money made selling grain abroad = better conditions
        • since 1921 the government had been buying grain on the free market
          • less grain surplus = less to sell abroad
    • political factors
      • removal of Bukharin
        • the left offered grain imports. this wasnt popular as it meant money made by the state wasnt spent on inustrialisation
        • introducing collectiviastion was very popular in the party
      • Stalin knew little of agriculture
        • belived it could be changed by strong will and determination
        • anyone who disagreed with state policy where enemies of the people
    • ideological factors
      • collectivisation was the socialist dream for the future
        • land had been handed to the peasants against their will after 1917
          • people were taking it anyway
          • this was not a capitalist idea
      • farmers only produced enough for themselves. needed to be communist not capitalist
    • the grain procurement crisis
      • harvests had been poor in  recent years
      • adds too all three other factors
        • political: undermined Bukharin as he supported the system that allowed this
        • economic: showed that the peasants could hold the government to randsom
        • Ideological: the peasants where capitalist and enemies of the state


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