Why did so many people move west to California and Oregon?

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  • Created by: Gemma
  • Created on: 06-06-13 12:11
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  • Why did so many people move west to California and Oregon?
    • Pull Factor
      • Starting a new life in California
        • Wine and brandy could be produces there in great quantities
        • Cotton could be sold to the British to be turned into cloth in the cotton mills of Nothern England
        • California was ideal for growing grapes and cotton
      • The Mountain Men
        • They reported that, in Oregon, the land was perfect for farming and the rivers were full of fish
        • They described California as a place where the sun always shone and fruit grew everywhere
      • There were huge quantities of empty land in the West
      • Pre-emption Bill - 1842
        • Farmers could squat on a piece of land, clear the trees and build a house on it and only have to pay a small sum to buy the land
    • Push Factor
      • Massive unemployment in the East
        • 20,000 unemployed people demonstrated in Philadelphia - 1838
      • Economic depression - 1837
        • Wages were cut by 40%
        • People lost their savings
      • Farmers in the Mississippi Valley wanted to leave
        • The price of wheat and corn that they grew collapsed
          • The farmers faced ruin


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