"Explain why Hitler and the Nazis came into power in Janary 1933."

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  • Why did Hitler and the Nazis come to power in January 1933 (12)
    • Failure of the Weimar republic
      • Associated with the Treaty of Versailles
      • Unresolved economic problems posed disastrous with the onset of the Great Depression (1929)
      • Heavy post- war reconstruction costs as new welfare benefit costs eg Health Insurance
    • Fear of communism
      • Nazis vehemently anti- communist and had strong SA on their side
        • Hindenburg and many other Germans saw the Nazis as the best form of control.
      • Hindenburg's position would be abolished and he may even be killed (Royal Family, Russia, 1917)
        • Hindenburg and many other Germans saw the Nazis as the best form of control.
      • KPD vote: Increasing in every election since 1928.
        • 4 months between July 1932 election and November '32 election, KPD seats went from 89 to 100
          • HINDENBURG SCARED OF A COMMUNIST UPRISING
      • Popularity of Hitler and the Nazis
        • Largest party in the Reichstag
        • Popular with the elites eg Von Papen, who thought they could manipulate Hitler
        • Hitler himself
          • Popular with the elites eg Von Papen, who thought they could manipulate Hitler
          • Speaking skills, strong anti- communist character, humble back ground, offered solutions.
        • Able to exploit socio- economic situation:
          • Blaming left wing parties, giving people a scapegoat.
          • As well as effectively using propaganda to gain and keep the support of the people
            • Blaming left wing parties, giving people a scapegoat.

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