Why was Churchill out of office so long? 1929-39

  • Created by: hastr010
  • Created on: 14-05-18 20:51
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  • Why was Churchill out of office for so long? 1929-39
    • India
      • Victorian beliefs
      • Imperialist
      • 'Jewel in the crown'
      • Believed that the only thing that kept conflict out of India was Anglo-Saxon influence
      • Believed Indians were unable to govern themselves
      • believed independence would have large economic consequences on the cotton industry
      • Viewed Gandhi disdainfully - racist
      • Rejected the round table conferences of 1920-32 - created by Lord Irwin and approved of by many
    • Appeasement/Rearmament
      • Wanted to re-arm Britain
      • He had been for disarming so this change in opinion seemed radical
      • The war has only ended in 1929 and the thought of re-arming scared people. Britain had not yet fully recovered mentally and economically from the war
      • Hitler introduced conscription in 1935
      • Hitler militarised the Rhineland in 1936
      • Churchill had been part of the original team that created the Treaty of Versailles so was reluctant to let Hitler get away with breaking it
      • He attempted to create a Grand Alliance, but many of the countries were still weak from the war: Russia, France. (the USA was isolationist)
      • Churchill's re-introduction of the Gold standard had in 1925 meant that Britain was in economic decline and therefore incapable of rearming.
    • Abdication Crisis
      • Member of the 'King's Friends'
      • Many disapproved of Wallis-Simpson because she was American and twice divorced
      • Edward VIII had to abdicate
      • Caused issues within his party as parliament refused to give Edward permission for a Morganatic marriage. Baldwin and the rest of his party 'abandoned' him
      • Misjudged the public's mood
      • Many were Christian and marrying a 'divorcee' would go against the church

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